Đề thi học sinh giỏi lớp 10 THPT tỉnh Vĩnh Phúc năm 2012 môn Tiếng Anh - Có đáp án Sở GD&ĐT Vĩnh Phúc

Giới thiệu

SỞ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO
TỈNH VĨNH PHÚC

(ĐỀ THI CHÍNH THỨC)

KỲ THI CHỌN HSG LỚP 10 NĂM HỌC 2011-2012
ĐỀ THI MÔN: TIẾNG ANH

Dành cho học sinh THPT không chuyên
Thời gian làm bài: 180 phút, không kể thời gian giao đề

PART I. LISTENING

You are going to hear a talk about security in the UK. Listen to the talk and complete the statements below by writing no more than THREE words in the spaces provide.

You will hear the talk TWICE.

• Don’t carry more (1)________ than you need for daily expenses.

• When you stay at a hotel, ask the (2)_______ to keep your valuables in hotel (3)________.

• Don’t keep a note of the serial (4)________ together with your traveler’s cheques.

• You should carry wallets and purses in an (5)________ pocket or a handbag.

• Your passport, (6) ____________ and other important documents should be taken special care of.

• You can leave your (7) _________ luggage in a luggage office at most large stations and pick it up later.

• It’s necessary to keep the receipt and check the (8) _________ hours when you leave your luggage at the station.

• The (9) _________ Property Office can be found at both (10) __________ and the station.

PART II. GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY

I. Complete the following sentences by choosing the correct answer among four options (A, B, C or D).

1. He's really shy _______ girl.
A. by           B. at          C. for          D. with

2. The teacher _______ her to improve her drawing.
A. insisted          B. encouraged          C. made          D. persisted

3. I couldn't quite ______ what they were doing because they were so far away.
A. bear out          B. make out         C. think out         D. try out

4. The meal Mary cooked tastes_______.
A. well          B. nice          C. good          D. worse

5. ______ at the party, we saw Ruth standing alone.
A. Arriving           B. We arrived          C. Arrived         D. We were arriving

6. The people who______ the survey said that they had examined over 1,000 accidents.
A. gave           B. proceed         C. set          D. conducted

7. The judge found him ______ of stealing and sent him to prison.
A. evil           B. innocent          C. guilty           D. wicked

8. The house we have rented is______. So we will have to buy some beds, chairs, tables, etc.
A. unrestored            B. unrepaired           C. unfurnished          D. undecorated

9. He was turned down for the job because he is ________.
A. qualified            B. qualifying           C. unqualified           D. qualification

10. The trouble started only______ the other man came into the room.
A. when           B. until            C. and then          D. too soon

11. _______, the disaster would not have happened.
A. Had you have obeyed the orders         B. You had obeyed the orders
C. You obeyed the orders                       D. Had you obeyed the orders

12. _______ had booked in advance were allowed in.
A. Only who                        B. Only those who
C. Only who were those        D. Only were those who

13. Traveling alone to a jungle is adventurous, ________.
A. if not impossible            B. if it not impossible
C. when not impossible      D. when it not impossible

14. I ______ the hot weather in the south.
A. use to            B. used to         C. am use to         D. am used to

15. The meat looked very _______ to the dog.
A. invited           B. invite           C. inviting           D. invitingly

II. Use the correct form of each word on the right to complete the numbered spaces provided in the passage. Write your answers on your answer sheet.

III. In the following passage, some numbered lines contain a word that shouldn’t be there. Tick (√) the sentences that are correct and write the words that shouldn’t be there in the numbered space.

PART III. READING

I. Complete the following passage by choosing A, B, C or D to fill in each blank.

In recent years, there has been a remarkable increase into happiness. The researchers have come up a number of factors which contribute to a definition of happiness.

First of all, there is, in some people, a moderate genetic predisposition to be happy, in other words, happiness (1)_______ in families. And happiness seems to correlate quite strongly with the main dimensions of personalities: extroverts are generally happier, neurotics are less so.

Second, people often report good social relations as a reason for their happiness. In particular, friends are a great (2) ______ of joy, partly because of the agreeable things they do together, partly because of the way friends use positive non-verbal (3) ______ such as caressing and touching, to affirm their friendship. Marriage and similar (4) ______ relationships can also form the basis of lasting happiness.

Third, job satisfaction undoubtedly (5) ______ overall satisfaction, and vice versa - perhaps this is why some people are happy in boring jobs: it (6) ______ both ways. Job satisfaction is caused not only by the essential nature of the work, but (7)_____ by social interactions with co-workers. Unemployment, on the contrary, can be a serious cause of unhappiness.

Fourth, leisure is important because it is more under individual (8) ______ than most other causes of happiness. Activities (9) _____ sport and music, and participation in voluntary work and social clubs of various kinds, can give great joy. This is partly because of the (10) ______themselves, but also because of the social support of other group members – it is very strong in the case of religious groups.

1. A. runs           B. arrives          C. goes           D. descends
2. A. source        B. origin           C. base           D. meaning
3. A. movements B. signals         C. slogans       D. motions
4. A. near           B. tight              C. close          D. heavy
5. A. consists of B. applies to       C. counts on    D. contributes to
6. A. works         B. effects           C. makes        D. turns
7. A. too              B. as well          C. also           D. plus
8. A. check          B. power            C. choice       D. control
9. A. so               B. such              C. like            D. thus
10. A. facilities      B. activities        C. exercises    D. amenities

II. Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct option (marked A, B, C or D) to answer the questions.

Scientists have established that influenza viruses taken from man can cause disease in animals. In addition, man can catch the disease from animals. In fact, a greater numbers of wild birds seem to carry the virus without showing any evidences of illness. Some scientists conclude that a large family of influenza virus may have evolved in the bird kingdom, a group that has been on earth 100 million years and is able to carry the virus without contracting the disease. There is even convincing evidence to show that virus strain are transmitted from place to place and from continent to continent by migrating birds.

It is known that two influenza viruses can recombine when both are present in an animal at the same time. The result of such recombination is a great variety of strains containing different H and N spikes. This raises the possibility that a human influenza virus can recombine with an influenza virus from a lower animal to produce an entirely new spike. Research is underway to determine if that is the way major new strains come into being. Another possibility is that two animal influenza strains may recombine in a pig, for example, to produce a new strain which is transmitted to man.

1. According to the passage, scientists have discovered that influenza viruses ______.
A. cause ill health in wild animals        B. do not always cause symptoms in birds
C. are rarely present in wild birds         D. change when transmitted from animals to man

2. What is known about the influenza virus?
A. It was first found in a group of very old birds.        B. All the different strains can be found in wild birds.
C. It existed over 100 million years ago.                   D. It can survive in many different places.

3. According to the passage, a great variety of influenza strains can appear when______.
A. H and N spikes are produced
B. animal and bird viruses are combined
C. dissimilar types of viruses recombine
D. two viruses of the same type are contracted

4. New strains of viruses are transmitted to man by_______.
A. a type of wild pig                     B. diseased lower animals
C. a group of migrating birds         D. a variety of means

5. It can be inferred from the passage that all of the following are ways of producing new strains of influenza EXCEPT_______.
A. two influenza viruses in the same animal recombining
B. animal viruses recombining with human viruses
C. two animal viruses recombining
D. two animal viruses recombining in a human

III. Read the passage and choose the best answer from the four options marked A, B, C or D in the following questions. Identify your answer by writing the corresponding letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet.

Several hundred million years ago, plants similar to modern ferns covered vast stretches of the land. Some were as large as trees, with giant fronds bunched at the top of trunks as straight as pillars. Others were the size of bushes and formed thickets of undergrowth. Still others lived in the shade of giant club mosses and horsetails along the edges of swampy lagoons where giant amphibians swam.

A great number of these plants were true ferns, reproducing themselves without fruits or seeds. Others had only the appearance of ferns. Their leaves had organs of sexual reproduction and produced seeds. Although their “flowers” did not have corollas, these false ferns (today completely extinct) ushered in the era of flowering plants. Traces of these floras of the earliest times have been preserved in the form of fossils. Such traces are most commonly found in shale and sandstone rocks wedged between coal beds.

Today only tropical forests bear living proof of the ancient greatness of ferns. The species that grow there are no longer those of the Carboniferous period, but their variety and vast numbers, and the great size of some, remind us of the time when ferns ruled the plant kingdom.

1. What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. Plant reproduction                    B. How to locate fossils
C. An ancient form of plant life       D. Tropical plant life

2. The word “Others” refers to _________.
A. plants            B. pillars           C. trees          D. fronds

3. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a characteristic of the plants described in the passage?
A. They once spread over large areas of land.
B. They varied greatly in size.
C. They coexisted with amphibians, mosses, and horsetails.
D. They clung to tree trunks and bushes for support.

4. The word “true” is closest in meaning to which of the following?
A. accurate             B. genuine           C. straight            D. dependable

5. The author states that fossils of early plant life are usually found in rocks located between deposits of _______.
A. coal              B. shale           C. sandstone          D. corollas

IV. Read the passage carefully then fill in the blank a suitable word.

As swimming became a popular recreation in England during the 1860s and 1870s, several (1) ______ sports developed, roughly patterned after land sports. (2) ______ them were water football (or soccer), water rugby, water handball, and water polo, in which players rode on floating barrels, painted to look (3) ______ horses, and struck the ball with a stick.
Water rugby became most popular of these sports, but somehow the water polo name became attached to it, and it's been attached (4) ______ since.

As played in England, the object of the sport was for a player to touch the ball, with both (5) ______, at the goal end of the pool. The goaltender stood on the pool deck, ready to dive on any opponent who was about to score.

Water polo quickly became a very rough sport, filled (6) ______ underwater fights away from the ball, and it wasn't unusual for players to pass out for lack of air.

In 1877, the sport was tamed in Scotland by the addiction of goalposts. The Scots also replaced (7) ______ original small, hard rubber ball with a soccer ball and adopted (8) ______ that prohibited taking the ball under the surface or, "tackling" a player unless he had the ball.

The Scottish game, which emphasized swimming speed, passing, and (9) ______ work, spread to England during the early 1880s, to Hungary in 1889, to Austria and Germany in 1894, to France in 1895, and (10) ______ Belgium in 1900.
Water polo was the first team sport added to the Olympic program, in 1900.

PART IV: WRITING

I. Write the new sentences using the given word. Do not change the word given in any way.

1. They have discovered some interesting new information. (LIGHT)

2. They suspended Jack for the next two matches. (BANNED)

3. I really want to see her again. (DYING)

4. She was so beautiful that I couldn't stop looking at her. (EYES)

5. We are looking forward to watching the program. (WAIT)

II. Rewrite each of the following sentences so that it has a similar meaning to the original one.

1. If you changed your mind, you would be welcomed to join our class.
→ Were you______________________________________________________

2. I'd rather not go out this afternoon.
→ I do not feel____________________________________________________

3. Adeles tries hard, but she doesn't get anywhere.
→ However______________________________________________________

4. It is thought that the boss is considering raising wages.
→ The boss______________________________________________________

5. His disabilities did not prevent him from sailing around the world.
→ Despite the fact_________________________________________________

6. I didn't arrive in time to see her.
→ I wasn't_______________________________________________________

7. I'd prefer you not to smoke.
→ I'd rather______________________________________________________

8. The mother smiled happily. She took the baby in her arms.
→ Smiling________________________________________________________

9. The noise next door did not stop until after midnight.
→ It was not ______________________________________________________

10. You can ring this number whenever there is any difficulty.
→ Should _________________________________________________________

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